Western sahara conflict

Western sahara conflict

- John Damis, ‘Conflict in Northwest Africa: The Western Sahara Dispute’, Stanford, Hoover Institution Press 1983. As part of the deal, Morocco was supposed to conduct a referendum for Sahrawis to decide whether North Africa: Western Sahara Conflict Resolution, 'Key' Solution to Security in Maghreb and Sahel (SPS) North Africa: Security, Stability in North Africa to Be Achieved Only With Western Sahara's In the new issue of NRC Thematic Reports, the focus is on the conflict in Western Sahara, Africa's last colony. Contention over the control of Western Sahara [2] began on the eve of Spain [3]'s withdrawal in February 1976. UN envoy: 'Peaceful solution' to Western Sahara conflict possible. 526,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. The dynamics of the entire phosphate market, then, could be shaped significantly by the conflict in Western Sahara, its resolution, or its continued In April, the U. A little known conflict has been going on in the small north African country of Western Sahara. Stuart, who arrived in Laayoune, the capital of Western Sahara, where the MINURSO headquarters are based, started his mandate by dealing with skirmishes between Morocco and Polisario fighters near the buffer zone of Guerguerat, a small village in the far southwest of Western Sahara — an indication of the high tensions that still exist. The Polisario Front began in May  Apr 22, 2018 Guest author Yasmine Hasnaoui analyzes the role that the United Nations has taken in solving the seemingly intractable Western Sahara  May 5, 2018 Iran allegations could heat up Western Sahara conflict. Western Sahara: War, Nationalism, and Conflict Irresolution is one of the most comprehensive scholarly works on the conflict of western Sahara. 27 April 2018. It chronicles the rise of Sahrawi nationalism and describes the armed resistance offered by the Polisario   The dispute over Western Sahara, a sparsely-populated territory along the Today, fresh ethno-national conflicts within established states have called into  40 years ago when Morocco invaded the Western Sahara region. Western Sahara’s Conflict Traps Refugees in Limbo A tangled, nearly forgotten conflict between Morocco and a Western African rebel group, the Polisario Front, has dragged on for more than 30 years. Western Sahara in 2010: A Deceptive Calm In the Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara, a semblance of stability and calm The Security Council on Friday extended the mandate of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Western Sahara until 31 October 2018, calling for a “realistic, practicable and enduring” political solution to end the decades‑old conflict. RABAT, Morocco (AP) The 2026 World Cup contest has been engulfed in On 29 May 2019, MINURSO celebrated the International of UN Peacekeepers. (U. N. Sources. “The territory, being neither at war nor at peace, is nowadays covered by foreign media only from the humanitarian angle, but the conflict has been The Western Saharan conflict, one of the modern world's oldest, seems to be coming to a head. S. The dispute over Western Sahara has been smouldering for over 40 years. A sign indicating  The Western Saharan conflict, one of the modern world's oldest, seems to be coming to a head. A History Of The Western Sahara Conflict – Analysis. The United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) was established by Security Council resolution 690 of 29 April 1991 in accordance with settlement proposals accepted on 30 August 1988 by Morocco and the Frente Popular para la Liberación de Saguia el-Hamra y de Río de Oro (Frente POLISARIO). In times of economic crisis and rising unemployment in North Africa, Western Sahara's natural resources have become fiercely contested treasures. com. 354 pp. this western part of the Sahara desert in North-West Africa had been historically inhabited by a society of desert nomads pasturing their Peter van Walsum, former UN envoy for Western Sahara, blames both Morocco and the Security Council (SC) for the current impasse in the conflict between Morocco and the pro-independence Polisario front. cease-fire agreement, Western Sahara is divided into five areas, one of which includes a 3-mile-wide buffer zone just east  Dec 6, 2018 The first UN-led talks in six years over the disputed Western Sahara-region concluded on a positive note on Thursday in Geneva, where the  May 14, 2018 Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. The conflict in Western Sahara was a dispute between American Sahara (Frente Polisario) and Morocco which constitutes a huge threat to local steadiness after decolonization in 1975 by Spanish forces. A Sahrawi woman walks in the desert near the Western Sahara village of Tifariti [AFP] Below is the response of Morocco's minister of communications to an article published last month on these The Western Sahara conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco. The Western Sahara conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco. It’s a domino effect that will trigger an incredible acceleration of today’s The conflict in Western Sahara was a dispute between Western Sahara (Frente Polisario) and Morocco which constitutes a big threat to regional stability after decolonization in 1975 by Spanish powers. A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. If so, it will be because the leading states of the United Nations have finally taken an interest in the conflict and decided that it is against their interest to let it fester, to burst forth again at some future time when it can do great damage to their relations. Not much is written on the subject in English and what Her expulsion marks a new turn in the Western Saharan conflict, a conflict that, largely ignored by the international media, has been ongoing for almost 35years. Security Council approved a resolution aimed at speeding up a solution to the 42-year conflict over the Western Sahara. (The resolution removed one iteration of the habitual Council description of a solution to Western Sahara The combination of Morocco’s recent proposal of a “Sahara autonomous region”, the Polisario Front’s counter-proposal of independence with guarantees for Moroccan interests and the UN Security Council’s 30 April resolution calling for direct negotiations between the parties – due to begin on 18 June – has been hailed as a promising breakthrough in the protracted Western Sahara The Western Sahara War (Arabic: حرب الصحراء الغربية ‎, French: Guerre du Sahara occidental, Spanish: Guerra del Sahara Occidental) was an armed struggle between the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front and Morocco between 1975 and 1991, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict. It became a protectorate of Spain in the 19th century and was later claimed by Morocco, Mauritania, and local inhabitants. involvement. The Western Sahara is a region on North Africa’s Atlantic coast that borders Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania and which has been the subject of contention for the last 42 years. The Western Sahara conflict has proven to be one of the most protracted and intractable struggles facing the international community. A ceremony, chaired by the OiC Head of MINURSO, Force Commander Major-General Zia-Ur-Rehman toke place in the parade ground of the Mission HQ, in Laayoune (Western Sahara). In the refugee camps in Algeria, resignation is spreading among many people who have been hoping for a solution by the United Nations for decades. The Western Sahara Conflict: Morocco's Millstone. Western Sahara, called Moroccan Sahara in Morocco, is a land of 266,000 square kilometers of northwestern Africa, bordered by Morocco to the north, Algeria on northeast, Mauritania on the south while its west coast overlooks on Atlantic Ocean. By Stephen Zunes, December 1, 1998. One of the world's oldest frozen conflicts is  Dec 6, 2018 The UN envoy for Western Sahara said he believes a peaceful solution to the decades-long conflict between Morocco and the Polisario Front is  Dec 1, 2018 So negotiators from the United Nations should be encouraged by a recent downpour in Laayoune, the capital of Western Sahara. Apr 11, 2018 Escalating Tensions in Western Sahara In 2007, with the conflict still largely frozen in place, Rabat proposed a plan for Sahrawi autonomy  Approved For Release 2005/07/20 : CIA-RDP80T00942A000800130002-1 ! 550i . brokered a cease-fire in 1991 and established a peacekeeping mission to monitor it and to help prepare a referendum on the territory’s future that has never taken place. photo/Martine Perret) Peace Processes As this conflict receives limited international attention, the recent book Western Sahara: War, Nationalism and Conflict Irresolution is a welcome addition to the literature on both the region and conflict studies. national security adviser John Bolton said on Thursday he had great " frustration" over the fact that the conflict in Western Sahara has not  Feb 5, 2019 For over a century, the people of Western Sahara have been denied our centered on reaching a conclusion to the conflict in Western Sahara. As a resource for activists, journalists, and scholars interested in learning more about the Western Sahara conflict, we've compiled an extensive timeline tracing  Oct 5, 2011 Prior to Spain's colonisation of Western Sahara, this western part of the Sahara desert in North-West Africa had been historically inhabited by a  Nov 6, 2013 Panelists will provide insight and analysis of resolution scenarios for the Western Sahara conflict, including the autonomy plan introduced by  Discover librarian-selected research resources on Western Sahara Conflict from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals,  the political history of the conflict over Western Sahara. The United Nations operation in the Western Sahara [] HISTORY OF THE CONFLICT. 25X1A. The Western Sahara conflict acts as a framework from which other related articles are then linked. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to refugee camps for people displaced by the Western Sahara conflict has stirred up tensions in the 40-year dispute. The timing coincides with the U. Western Sahara's ‘conflict tomatoes’ highlight a forgotten occupation. The African Union (AU) will be limiting its peace efforts in the Western Sahara in order to support the United Nations’ (UN) process in the region. The Western Sahara conflict has eluded resolution for so long that the principles underlying United Nations-led efforts to seek an enduring outcome have become muddied almost to The Western Sahara Conflict Essay. share url email fbmsngr whatsapp sms. Here, Newsweek Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. (AFP). Merging all of these pages into the Western Sahara conflict would make the page very unwieldy, even though its current size of 39k would allow a merge of the Western Sahara War alone. May 27, 2018 This article is about a 50-year-old unresolved African conflict in Western Sahara that is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa  Author: Ali Bahaijoub. Price £20. The Western Sahara is a disputed area claimed by both Morocco and the Polisario Front, the representatives of the indigenous Sahrawi people. The Western Sahara mainly consists of desert flatlands. Co-authored by Stephen Zunes, chair of the University of San Francisco Middle Eastern Studies program and an authoritative voice on The Western Sahara is a country located at the western edge of the African continent. UN envoy Horst Koehler says he expects another round of talks to take place in the first quarter of 2019. –led first Gulf War and offered to mediate the Arab–Israeli conflict in an attempt to persuade the United States—which maintains a long-held neutral position on control of the Western Sahara—to endorse Morocco’s claim to the area. Morocco’s control of the ‘last colony in Africa’ is at the centre of campaigners’ legal challenge to the As a resource for activists, journalists, and scholars interested in learning more about the Western Sahara conflict, we've compiled an extensive timeline tracing the history of the territory from to Spanish colonization in 1884 all the way to the hunger strikes of early 2014. Since then it has been the The Western Sahara conflict has resulted in severe human-rights abuses, constantly reported by external reporters and HR activists, most notably the displacement of tens of thousands of Sahrawi civilians from the country, the expulsion of tens of thousands of Moroccan civilians by the Algerian government from Algeria, and numerous casualties of The conflict over Western Sahara has not been resolved satisfactorily in international law in the eyes of the Polisario or the Kingdom of Morocco. Security Council on the latest At the adoption, Bolivia, Ethiopia and Russia abstained. Morocco does not accept Western Sahara's independence and the SC continues to seek a consensual solution between Morocco and Polisario. AU limits its role in Western Sahara crisis. More than 30 years after the war began, the displacement of large numbers of people and a ceasefire in 1991 that froze military positions, its end remains remote. Zoubir. A former Spanish colony, it was  Jun 19, 2018 The ECJ ruled in February that the EU's fisheries agreement with Morocco was only valid if it did not include the disputed Western Sahara  Mar 24, 2019 UN Special Envoy Horst Kohler speaks in Geneva following a 2-day round of talks on ending the Western Sahara conflict, March 22. Western Sahara: Western Sahara, territory occupying an extensive desert Atlantic-coastal area of northwest Africa. Western Sahara conflict impacts Morocco 2026 World Cup bid FILE - In this Saturday, Nov. Hill; Juliet O'Brien U. The Western Sahara is at the center of an ongoing conflict between Morocco, which controls the region, and the Polisario Front, which believes that the Western  Apr 10, 2018 As per the 1991 U. U. Algeria has confirmed that it has always seen Kohler as a key player and serious broker in the process for resolving the conflict in the Western Sahara. The conflict is the continuation of the past insurgency by Polisario against the Spanish colonial forces in 1973–75 and the subsequent Western Sahara War between the Polisario and Morocco (1975–91). Back in the spotlight, the fate of Western Sahara is no closer to resolution The role of natural resources in the Western Sahara conflict Every conflict, whether it be a military one like in are assumed to be abundant in the offshore territory. War of words between Morocco and Algeria could be exploited by Iran. A former Spanish colony, it was  Mar 9, 2016 A recent visit by the U. Indépendance. The Western Sahara, or former Spanish Sahara, is an expanse of desert measuring over 260,000 square kilometers, bordered by Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania. Western Sahara and dozens of interviews, this paper examines the security risks of the persistence of the conflict by analyzing the destabilizing forces that heighten local tensions and regional instability. Today, the  Aug 3, 2007 On June 18 and 19, 2007, direct talks between the two protagonists in the Western Sahara conflict, the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario  Mar 4, 2015 Now campaigners for the freedom of Western Sahara are making similar demands to try to undermine Morocco's control of the territory. Option3. Iraq or Afghanistan or “just” a diplomatic one, has In the 1970s, the first explorations were carried out its deeper seated reasons in economic matters. 2018-09-11. Western Sahara: Problems in the U. Western Sahara, territory (2015 est. 00. A recent visit by the U. The conflict erupted after the withdrawal of Spain from the Spanish Sahara in accordance with the Madrid Accords, by which it agreed to give administrative control of the territory to Morocco and Mauritania. Formerly a Spanish colonial territory, and since 1975 occupied by Morocco, it has been called the world’s last remaining colony. 93 million tonnes of phosphates were exported from the disputed territory of Western Sahara in 2018, with an estimated value of  The Polisario Front is composed largely of the indigenous nomadic inhabitants of the Western Sahara region, the Sahrawis. “Nobody talks about Western Sahara anymore”, said Alfonso Armada, president of RSF-Spain. A brief look at  Jan 3, 2018 The Western Sahara is a region on North Africa's Atlantic coast that borders The conflict between Morocco and the Polisario Front lasted until  The Western Sahara Conflict: Regional and International Dimensions - Volume 28 Issue 2 - Yahia H. Pitting local nationalist determination against Moroccan territorial ambitions, the dispute is further complicated by regional tensions with Algeria and the geo-strategic concerns of major global players, including the United States, France, and the territory A solution to the decades-old conflict over Western Sahara is possible, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said Monday in a report that takes stock of two rounds of exploratory talks. On Africa’s Atlantic coast, at the western extremity of the Arab world, lies Western Sahara, site of Africa’s longest post-colonial conflict. secretary-general’s annual report to the U. Option2. 7, 2015 file photo, Morocco's King Mohammed VI, right, listens to the national anthem in Laayoune, the The Western Sahara conflict has eluded resolution for so long that the principles underlying United Nations-led efforts to seek an enduring outcome have become muddied almost to the point of The Western Sahara conflict is an ongoing territorial dispute between neighboring Morocco and the Saharawi people led by the Polisario Front. The conflict originated from an insurgency by the  May 14, 2018 Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. Köhler added, in his capacity as Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General for Western Sahara, where decades of conflict over disputed ownership has been contained since 1991, by the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara . 12. Given that the case isn't obvious, and that there isn't Perspectives on Western Sahara: Myths, Nationalisms, and Geopolitics. The Western Sahara War was an armed conflict, lasting from 1975 to 1991, fought primarily between the Polisario Front and Morocco. New York - Today the Moroccan people are celebrating the 38th anniversary of the Green March, which took place on November 6, Western Sahara: War, Nationalism, and Conflict Irresolution (Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution) [Stephen Zunes, Jacob Mundy] on Amazon. The Western Sahara conflict is both one of the world’s oldest and one of its most neglected. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland, 2014. Tony Hodges, author of one of the most complete and comprehensive studies on the roots of the Western Sahara conflict, could not be more accurate in his . I really don't see any other solutions. Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. While the Sahrawis, the original population of the country, suffer oppression and The Western Sahara remains a disputed territory and the host of one of the world’s most intractable conflicts. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to refugee camps for people displaced by the Western Sahara conflict has stirred up  Jan 9, 2019 The latest peace talks have made little progress so far, but the territory may be running out of time. The Algeria-backed Polisario Front began an armed conflict with Morocco in pursuit of an independent state. After Spain withdrew from its former colony of Spanish Sahara in 1976, Morocco annexed the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara and claimed the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania's withdrawal. The region, known as the “Southern Provinces” in Morocco, was colonised by Spain in 1884 and became the object of dispute between Morocco and Mauritania in the 1970s. Print; Download Share; While awaiting the perennial renewal of the mandate for the UN monitoring force (MINURSO, or Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara) in Western Sahara at the end of April, there has been some political anxiety in North Africa vis-à-vis the upcoming resolution of the United Western Sahara conflict impacts Morocco 2026 World Cup bid. Zoubir and Daniel Volman (eds), ‘International Dimensions of the Western Sahara Conflict’, Westport, Praeger, 1993. The Western Sahara conflict has been contained but not resolved and this dispute will remain a roadblock for the promotion of economic and political cooperation in the Maghreb region unless courageous diplomatic initiatives such as greater international backing for Western Saharan statehood are put on the peace table. The Western Sahara is at the center of an ongoing conflict between Morocco, which controls the region, and the Polisario Front, which believes that the Western Sahara should be an independent state. Morocco supported the U. Facts about Western Sahara Conflict that You Should Know. pressure for negotiations aims to end the four-decade conflict,  Apr 17, 2007 The United Nations will hear proposals from Morocco and the Polisario Front on how to settle the dispute over Western Sahara. Yet an examination of the war for Western Sahara—its origins, its evolution, and its nonconclusion—is an important first step toward an understanding of the broader conflict. Resolving the conflict “lies in the interest of all”, Mr. The conflict in Western Sahara is largely unknown to the broad public. The conflict over Western Sahara has smoldered for more than 40 years. - Tony Hodges, ‘Western Sahara: The Roots of a Desert War’, Westport, Lawrence Hill, 1983. Argues that the Western Sahara conflict is an issue of decolonization whose solution lies in the exercises by the population of its right to freely determine its future via referendum, independence being one of the options. The United Nations lists the territory of the Western Sahara as a non-decolonized territory. In their explanation of vote, Ethiopia and Russia indicated their concerns that the resolution weakened the previously-agreed parameters for resolving the Western Sahara conflict. Since 1975, the conflict has sparked numerous battles between the Polisario Front and the Moroccan military. The territory remained disputed between Morocco and local forces well into the 21st century. The U. ” I asked him why I had been expelled from Laayoune, and he said A cold conflict There has been no full-fledged war in Tlaimidi’s lifetime: a 1991 ceasefire deal brought 16 years of fighting to a close and created the UN peacekeeping mission MINURSO (United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara). Morocco annexed Western Sahara after Spain withdrew from the area in 1975 and considers it to be an integral part of the kingdom. Western Sahara is an area in North Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco. The decision of the International Court of Justice, issued on October 16, 1975 regarding the conflict over Western Sahara, states the following, "The Court's conclusion is that the materials and In April, the U. This conflict has been suspended in a stalemate since a 1991 cease-fire agreement halted a 16-year-long civil war between the Moroccan monarchy and Western Sahara’s liberation movement, called The Western Sahara Conflict: Questioning Identity Politics and the Prospects for a Realistic Solution The colonizer sought to extend a logic of territorial disintegration that retains control and neocolonial advantages, ignoring this way the precolonial realities to the benefit of rootless fashioned identities. SC/13321. It not only deconstructs the historical complex- ity of the dispute, but it also interprets it in the context of recent events. Feb 23, 2017 With this began the Western Sahara Conflict––the most devastating African independence struggle that nobody has heard of. Conflict Phase (February 27, 1976-September 6, 1991): The Provisional Sahrawi National Council of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saquia and Rio de Oro (Polisario Front) proclaimed the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) in the Western Sahara on February 27, 1976. Morocco's offer of autonomy for the region is now on the negotiating table, but that's not enough for many of the Saharawis Wed - Jul 3, 2019: Western Sahara Conflict Resolution, 'Key' Solution to Security in Maghreb and Sahel - AllAfrica News: Western Sahara [SPS] Paris -The resolution of the Western Sahara conflict, enshrining the independence of its territory, is a "key" solution to security and stability in the Maghreb and Sahel regions, said speakers at a Morocco and Western Sahara engaged in armed conflict until 1991, when the UN brokered a ceasefire. The conflict originated from an insurgency by the Polisario Front against Spanish colonial forces from 1973 to 1975 and the subsequent Western Sahara War against Morocco between 1975 and 1991. pressure for negotiations aims to end the four-decade conflict, including the costs of U. If so, it will be because the leading states of the United Nations   Dec 13, 2018 U. Baker III, the secretary-general's personal envoy on Western Sahara, resigned. The Western Sahara conflict has resulted in severe human rights abuses, most notably the displacement of tens of thousands of Sahrawi civilians from the country, the expulsion of tens of thousands of Moroccan civilians by the Algerian government from Algeria, An end to the Western Sahara conflict? Talks yield new commitments to 'self-determination' Moroccan FM Nasser Bourita (C) with his delegation at the Western Sahara region talks [Getty] Date of publication: 14 December, 2018 Ending the Algerian-backed separatists’ fight for control of the Western Sahara is one of Morocco’s top priorities. Calling for Renewed Efforts to End Decades-old Western Sahara Conflict, Security Council Extends Mission, Adopting Resolution 2414 (2018) Meetings Coverage. Morocco To understand the root of this conflict, it is essential to look back at the events that. The first round of UN-led talks on the Western Sahara took place last December in Geneva. ) Sometimes referred to as “Africa’s last colony”, Western Sahara was, till 1975, a colony of Spain. Over the years, these two sorts of blockade have imposed a virtual news black-out on Western Sahara. Algiers has expressed its deep regret at the news that the UN Envoy for Western Sahara, Horst Kohler, has resigned. This war between the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front and Morocco has resulted in thousands of Every year at the end of April, like clockwork, tensions rise between Morocco and the Polisario Front, the group leading the disputed region of Western Sahara’s independence movement. Ambassador Chamberlin: Well, I'd like to welcome you all here this morning on behalf of the Middle East Institute to a discussion of the Western Sahara conflict. Jun 11, 2018 The 2026 World Cup contest has been engulfed in intrigue about whether Donald Trump's rhetoric on immigration and foreign policy will cost  Jun 11, 2019 U. In the aftermath of the Western Sahara War, The Kingdom of Morocco and The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic are fighting over the territory. The new balance of power resulting from recent political developments in the region could lead to a renegotiation of the conflict. Edited by Anouar Boukhars and Jacques Roussellier. African Union 2004. Its governance is disputed between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), but the majority of it is occupied by Morocco. In the changing climate of the region, a return to violence in the disputed territory cannot be ruled out indefinitely. The WESTERN SAHARA WAR >Conflict over control of Western Sahara [1], a former Spanish colony in >northwest Africa. Apr 2, 2019 Several days of UN-convened informal talks on the Western Sahara late yielded little towards bringing the decades-long conflict to a close. pop. The recent resumption of talks between parties to the disputed Western Sahara region in Morocco have offered grim hope at an amicable solution to a decade-long standoff that is now threatening regional peace and stability. Option1. The 2026 World Cup contest has been engulfed in intrigue about whether Donald Trump's rhetoric on immigration and foreign policy will The Western Sahara conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco. As such, the growing tensions merit a careful response from Washington. Mohammed Cherkaoui. Push for Peace? Tuesday, June 11, 2019 By: Thomas M. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Over a lunch of chicken tagine and couscous, Hilale told me that the Western Sahara conflict was a “residue of the Cold War. ceasefire monitors patrol the Smara region of the Western Sahara. Ten years later, then -UN envoy J ames Baker presented his draft “Framework Agreement on the Status Morocco and Western Sahara. The Secretary-General’s Personal Envoy ,Christopher Ross, briefed, stating that the negotiation process meant to facilitate a solution to the conflict over Western Sahara remains stalemated, with a solution needed more urgent than ever. More appalling, however, is the complete lack of coverage in any form that this conflict has received. An Intelligence  The conflict in Western Sahara dates back to 1975, when the United Nations (UN ) decided to sponsor a referendum for the self-determination of the inhabitants  Jun 15, 2018 EU countries have been repeatedly involved in conflicts around the world; Western Sahara, which is inhabited by the Sahrawi people, was  Jun 11, 2018 Heavily criticized by FIFA for the lack of infrastructure and LGBT protections, Morocco's claims on Western Sahara also appear to be a factor for  Apr 8, 2019 Some 1. But there has also been little in the way of political progress. Guterres told the Security Council a settlement would require "strong political will, not just from the parties The Four-Approach Dilemma of the Western Sahara Conflict April 25, 2017. Western Sahara conflict impacts Morocco 2026 World Cup bid. - Yahia H. In the latest UN deliberations on the way forward for a settlement in Western Sahara, there is a consistently increasing consensus on a politically negotiated and compromise-based settlement, a Executive Summary. The Western Sahara conflict has outlasted the 1975–91 war between Morocco and the Western Saharan independence movement, led by the Frente Polisario. But Morocco will have to agree on a peaceful resolution of the Western Sahara conflict involving all stakeholders. The proposed West Saharan independent state of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is recognised by only 45-50 nations. The Four-Approach Dilemma of the Western Sahara Conflict Mohammed Cherkaoui 74,000 Sahrawis who were listed on the Spanish census of 1974, and insisted on adding up to 120,000 Moroccans to the list. I think this is a subject matter that is really much neglected, and I'm delighted that we're able to call such experts around the table and all of you to discuss this issue today because it is neglected, but it's still important. brokered a cease-fire in 1991 and established a As it stands, the situation of the Sahrawi people in the Western Sahara is striking and alarming, with a death toll estimated between 14,000 and 21,000 over the 43 years of conflict. The never-ending dispute Western Sahara edges closer to renewed conflict. (Since a ceasefire in 1991, the conflict has been political, not military. This study examines the efforts of the United Nations (UN) to resolve the dispute over Western Sahara from August 1988, when Secretary-general Perez de Cuellar submitted the settlement proposals to the two parties—the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario—until June 2004, when James A. Western Sahara—a vast, lightly populated desert area with potentially rich mineral resources—is not well-known to most Americans, but the decades-old dispute over the territory is a deeply emotive issue for regional leaders. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south. The Desert Rock That Feeds the World . North-South Books 2010. AP Jun 11, 2018 at 1:03p ET . The issue of the Western Sahara has now dragged on for 35 years with no apparent end in sight. On 8 December, Council members met in consultations on Western Sahara. western sahara conflict